Very often we experience ulcers in our oral cavity which are very painful and hence cause discomfort while eating and speaking. As they tend to recur frequently and continue to stay for days to weeks, they tend to hamper our day to day routine. The two most common causes of oral ulceration are local trauma (e.g. rubbing from a sharp edge on a broken filling) and aphthous stomatitis (“canker sores”), a condition characterized by recurrent formation of oral ulcers for largely unknown reasons. These ulcers could be due to varied other reasons like stress, food allergies, lifestyle changes, GIT disturbances or also could be sometimes an early indication of underlying serious systemic illness. Hence they cannot be ignored. We at Cosmodent believe in thorough evaluation of such ulcers and thus providing a comprehensive treatment plan based on the underlying etiology. Treatment is cause-related, but also symptomatic if the underlying cause is unknown or not correctable. Treatment can range from simply smoothing or removing a local cause of trauma, to addressing underlying factors such as dry mouth or substituting a problem medication. Maintaining good oral hygiene and use of an antiseptic mouthwash or spray can prevent secondary infection and therefore hasten healing. A topical analgesic (e.g. benzydamine mouthwash) may reduce pain. Topical (gels, creams or inhalers) or systemic steroids may be used to reduce inflammation. An antifungal drug may be used to prevent oral candidiasis developing in those who use prolonged steroids. People with mouth ulcers may prefer to avoid hot or spicy foods, which can increase the pain. Self-inflicted ulceration can be difficult to manage, and psychiatric input may be required in some people.
Hence, at Cosmodent we believe in early diagnosis and appropriate treatment of such ulcers so as to prevent them from progressing to serious ailments like malignancy .